Mediastinoscopy

Mediastinoscopy

Many surgical or non-surgical procedures have been described and used for the diagnosis and treatment of lung diseases. Mediastinoscopy is particularly in one of these methods, which are currently being implemented and developed by only thoracic surgeons. Surgeons, who perform more demanding operations during the specialist training, might not find an adequate basis in hospitals…

What is the Thymus?

This is a gland that rests behind the breast bone (also called the sternum). It is different from the thyroid gland which lies in the neck. The thymus is associated with the immune system and helps fight infection and disease. It is active until puberty and then shrinks away so that only fatty tissue remains…

Iontophoresis

Iontophoresis for Hyperhidrosis

Iontophoresis uses a device that delivers low-level electrical currents while you’re submerged in water. The currents are often delivered to your hands, feet, or armpits to temporarily block your sweat glands. Iontophoresis is a process of transdermal drug delivery by the use of a voltage gradient on the skin. Molecules are transported across the stratum…

Botox

Botox for Hyperhidrosis

Botox is also a particularly effective treatment for focal hyperhidrosis.  Botox injections use botulinum toxin to block the nerve signals responsible for sweating, stopping the sweat glands from producing too much sweat. People who sweat excessively often soak through their clothing or drip sweat. Regular antiperspirants don’t work well for those with this condition. Botox injections are a new treatment option for…

IPC

IPC Indwelling Pleural & Peritoneal Catheter

Introduction Recurrent pleural effusions (RPEs) are defined as pleural effusions that recur despite optimal therapy for the underlying etiology of the effusions and typically require multiple thoracenteses or a more definitive therapeutic modality to prevent a recurrence. Indwelling pleural catheters (IPCs) have emerged in the past decade as a very effective modality to treat and…

Mediastinal Cancers

Mediastinal Tumors

Mediastinum is an anatomical region which is surrounded by thoracic cavity, thoracic entry on the top, diaphragm at the bottom, vertebral column at the posterior, sternum at the front and parietal pleura at the side. Mediastinum is divided into two as superior and inferior with a line extending from the anguli sterni to the fourth inter-vertebral…